2011 ICSP Shot Peening Conference: Triennial Event Well Worth the Wait
by Jack McGuinn, Senior Editor
Creation of the ISCSP is credited to Dr. A. Niku-Lari. With support from France's Centre Technique des Industries Mécaniques (CETIM), he toured many countries enlisting support for the concept of international conferences on shot peening. An international scientific committee (ISC) was created with 13 members from seven countries) to lend support and provide authority to Dr. Niku-Lari in setting up the first international shot peening conference. The ISC in 1980 held meetings in Las Vegas and in Senlis, France prior to the inaugural event.
With CETIM as the main organizing body and Dr. Niku-Lari as conference chairman, ICSP-1 was held in Paris, September 14-17, 1981. More than seven hundred delegates attended that highly successful conference, which had seventy-nine papers accepted. Dr. Niku-Lari edited the published conference proceedings (which notes the contributions made by some eighteen sponsors). An enlarged ISC met during the conference and formally adopted a constitution, ratified its membership, appointed Dr. Niku-Lari as chairman and modified its title to the International Scientific Committee on Shot Peening (ISCSP). A feature of the constitution was that, in order to avoid conflicts of interest, the committee was to have a majority of academic members. The precedent was set of arranging the venue and organization of the next ICSP that was to be held in three years' time. Hence ICSP-2 was arranged for Chicago with the American Shot Peening Society and CETIM as organizing bodies, and with G. P. Balcar as general chairman and Stanford University Professor H. Fuchs as honorary chairman.
To catch up with today's shot peening industry and talk a bit about the conference, we talked with Jack Champaigne, editor of The Shot Peener magazine and chairman of ICSP-11.
According to Champaigne, "While there are many Internet and magazine sources for information on shot peening, The Shot Peener is the only publication dedicated to sharing information and expanding markets for the industry. Distributed in 80 countries with 6,000 readers, there probably aren't many other "niche" manufacturing processes as dedicated to training and sharing new applications, research, products and case studies as the shot peening industry." Following is our Q & A.
Gear Technology (GT): Who typically attends ISCSP?
Jack Champaigne (JC): Primarily academics in aerospace or automotive sectors involved with metal fatigue, but also industrial participants who sell or service these sectors. Usually 15-20 exhibit booths and 200-300 attendees.
GT: Do you ever co-exhibit with other shows/industries?
JC: The ISCSP (International Scientific Committee on Shot Peening) does not partner with others for their conferences.
GT: How does the "EXPO" part of the conference work?
JC: Commercial exhibit booths are provided on the periphery of the dining and break area. The exhibits are available during the conference and two 30-minute breaks per day. Booth rental includes fee for two attendants.
GT: What do you hope to accomplish at this show?
JC: This is the eleventh international conference on shot peening (ICSP-11) and it is the only venue available strictly for this industrial technology. Leading researchers from around the world will present their papers that further the understanding and knowledge of shot peening. Related mechanical surface treatments, such as deep rolling, laser peening, ultrasonic peening, combined processes and other cold work processes, inducing compressive surface residual stresses, are within the scope of the conference-especially when compared to shot peening. I serve as chairman of the International Scientific Committee on Shot Peening and organizer of the next triennial conference, ICSP-11. I was asked to host the conference in the US to increase awareness of the benefits of shot peening to US manufacturers and academics. Shot peening was essentially invented in the USA automotive industry-which led to many improvements to the war effort-especially in improving gears and other rotating aerospace components. Naturally, many foreign countries have adopted this technology and they vigorously include it in their curriculums.
Internal lance peening of jet engine disc "dove tail slots." Lance rotates while "spitting" media out of 90-degree exit hole and also traversing the slot.
GT: How would you characterize shot peening? From what I can tell, it is a very industry-mature-but absolutely essential-component of gear making. Are technological advances somewhat rare?
JC: No, technological advances are not rare at all. In fact, the advances in process control and non-destructive testing in the past decade have made possible the development of lighter, stronger components in automotive, aerospace and medical manufacturing. Fine-particle shot peening (FPSP) is used for Formula 1 race engines and by high-end luxury cars on all of their transmission gears for better lubrication which reduces friction and noise. FPSP is also used in gear manufacturing as the second treatment for duplex peening. This second treatment, after high intensity peening, puts a very shallow compressive stress in the surface and helps extend the fatigue life and increases the load capability. Remember, it's the surface where the crack initiates. Paying attention to the surface is the most critical aspect of achieving long fatigue life.
GT: Are there shot peening standards?
JC: Yes. Many aerospace companies have proprietary standards and SAE has several industrial standards. These standards are addressed in two committees: the Surface Enhancement Committee is custodian of the "J" series of standards, and the Aerospace Engineering Materials Committee (shot peening subcommittee) address the "AMS" series of standards. I happen to chair both of these committees.
GT: If gearing is black science, it would appear that shot peening is alchemy. What background does a typical player in the shot peening typically have?
JC: It depends upon the industry. Aerospace technicians are highly trained and certified to perform peening. They must attend an accredited class on shot peening and achieve a level 1, 2 or 3 rating. The machine operators, as well as their quality department and sometimes the design team, will attend these workshops or in-house sessions on shot peening. The automotive sector relies mostly upon on-the-job training. There are also training programs for FAA inspectors that must audit facilities performing shot peening. In addition, many aerospace companies adhere to Nadcap guidelines that require strict adherence to shot peening standards set by such companies as Boeing, General Electric, Pratt and Whitney etc.
GT: Is the heat treat industry a close "cousin"?
JC: Yes, a very close cousin. Shot peening often is the next step after heat treatment and it is common to see conveyor lines leading from heat treat right into the shot peening machines.
GT: Why the long wait-three years!-for technical papers' availability?
JC: This was a practice established with the first conference in 1981, which would allow the local organizing committee a generous amount of time to sell remaining copies of the proceedings. After the three year period the papers can then be downloaded for free from the official web site. This restriction may be revised at the next conference meeting in September.
GT: An admittedly cursory review of the technical paper authors seems to indicate the vast majority are Asian or European. True? If so, why is that?
JC: Asian and German car manufacturers not only adopted shot peening but they embraced it, and Detroit practiced it but did little to enhance it. It's basically a cultural difference. Some societies emphasize quality and constant improvement. Some societies continue old practices, either for lack of educational support or lack of incentive to make progressive changes. You'll see that the Koreans are approaching (or have achieved) the same quality level as the Japanese. The Chinese are getting very aggressive in their pursuit of an improved standard of living and they are eagerly adopting shot peening practices.
Again, one of the goals of hosting ICSP-11 in the USA was to expand shot peening research here and to not fall behind in the race for excellence.
About. The Eleventh International Conference on Shot Peening, hosted by Electronics Inc. and The Shot Peener Magazine, will be held September 12-15, 2011, in South Bend, Indiana USA.
Scope. ICSP-11 is the 11th International Conference on Shot Peening. Related mechanical surface treatments such as deep rolling, laser peening, ultrasonic peening, combined processes and other cold work processes inducing compressive surface residual stresses, are within the scope of the conference, especially when compared to shot peening. Shot peening and related mechanical surface treatments have proved to be powerful instruments in enhancing the resistance of components to various kinds of stress-induced damage, particularly with respect to fatigue and corrosion damage. The service lives of a wide variety of structural components, irrespective of shape and dimensions, can be improved dramatically by shot peening. The commercial benefits of applying mechanical surface treatments are increasingly recognized- especially in the automotive and aerospace industries.
ICSP-11 is an important international meeting for discussing the science, technology and applications of mechanical surface treatments. It provides a unique forum enabling scientists and engineers to deepen and update their knowledge of all aspects of mechanical surface treatments. ICSP-11 will cover a range of surface treatment topics based on:
- Technological aspects
- Process procedures
- Changes in the surface state, process simulation, service properties and fields of application
The study of shot peening's benefits and uses are crucial, as the need grows for stronger and lighter metal components in transportation, medical and many other applications.
|Before June 13, 2011||$650||$250||$250|
|June 13, 2010-August 12, 2011||$800||$300||$250|
|After August 12, 2011||$1,000||$350||$250|
Presenter-Attendee. Fee includes admittance to presentation of papers, lunches, break refreshments, banquet, preliminary papers and final proceedings (mailed after conference).
Guest. Fee includes lunches, break refreshments and banquet.
Student. College or university students with proper credentials. Fee includes admittance to presentation of papers, lunches, break refreshments, banquet and preliminary papers (does not include final proceedings).
Exhibition. An exhibition of products and services related to the topics of the conference will be located in the Century Center Convention Center in conjunction with the conference. See the exhibition pages for more information.
- Electronics Inc. Open House and Pig Roast: Monday, September 12
- University of Notre Dame: Thursday, September 15
- Studebaker National Museum: Thursday, September 15
- Shipshawana, Indiana: Thursday, September 15
For more information: Contact email@example.com
Jack Champaigne, Electronics Inc.
56790 Magnetic Drive
Mishawaka, Indiana USA
Below is the list of session themes, with related topics.
1. Peening technology. Equipment; Techniques for Process Control; Sensors for Process Control, Process Development.
2. Modeling. Peening Process Simulation and Modeling; Residual Stress and Other Process Effects Modeling.
3. Residual stress measurement. X-Ray Stress Methods; Eddy Current Methods; Other Stress Methods; Intensity Effects on Residual Stress; Coverage Effects on Residual Stress.
4. Media. Historical Overview; New Types or Grades of Media; Manufacturing Aspects of Media; Inspection Issues with Media; Disposal and Environmental Issues with Media.
5. Fatigue, failures and remedies. Ferrous Metals; Other Metals; Nano Materials.
6. Corrosion. Peening and General Corrosion Effects; Peening for Stress Corrosion Resistance; Peening for Fretting Resistance.
7. Stress relaxation effects. Time; Temperature; Service Life (Overload).
8. Special applications. Roller Burnishing; Fine Particle Peening; Laser Shock Peening; Ultrasonic Activated Peening; Peening of Welds; Peen Forming and Straightening; Peening of Medical Implants; Other Residual Stress Inducement/Improvement Methods.
9. Case studies. Fatigue Life/Load Bearing Capability Improvements from Peening; Failures Attributed to Ineffective Peening or Lack Thereof; Peening Process Optimization; Review and History.
10. Tribology. Friction; Fatigue wear; Misc.
Dafeng Daqi Metal Grinding Material Co., LTD
Metal Improvement Co.
Roberts Sinto Corporation
The Shot Peener
Toyo Seiko Co., LTD.
Sample List of 2011 Accepted Abstracts
Abadie, F-Xavier; G. Paolo Marconi and E. Organo. "Enhancement of High-Strength Steel Endurance, Application to Automotive Transmission and Suspension Components Using a New Type of Ceramic Shot."
Amanov, A., I. H. Cho, J. Hyong and Y. Sik Pyun. "Application of UNSM Technology for Prolonging the Service Life of Journal Bearing of Railroad Axle and for Reducing Friction Loss."
Ando, M. and H. Usami. "Effect of Heat Treatment on Friction Properties of Functional Graded Materials Fabricated by Fine-Particle Peening."
Babic, M., S. Mitrovic, D. Adamovic and D. Dzunic. "The Effect of Shot Peening on Tribological Behavior of Alloyed Steels."
Badreddine, J., M. Micoulaut, E. Rouhaud, D. Retraint, M. Francois and S. Remy. "Impact Velocity and Distribution in Ultrasonic Shot Peening."
Bae, H., M. Ramulu, B. Flinn and H. Diep. "Numerical Analysis of Shot Peening Effects on the Fatigue Life of Titanium Alloy."
Bagherifard, S., R. Ghelichi and M. Guagliano. "Numerical Model of Severe Shot Peening Aimed to Estimate Surface Nano-Crystallization of A-l Material."
Bagherifard, S., I. Fernandez-Pariente, R. Ghelichi, M. Guagliano and S. Vezzu. "Effect of Shot Peening on the Deposition Efficiency of Cold Spray Coating."
Bagherifard, S., I. Feranadez-Pariente, R. Ghelichi and M. Guagliano. "Wear Behavior of Nano-Crystallized Surfaces Obtained by Shot Peening."
Bagherifard, S., I. Feranadez Pariente, R. Ghelichi, M. Guagliano and M. Bandini. "Fatigue Behavior of Nano-Crystallized Surfaces Obtained by Shot Peening."
Bailey, P. "Precision Mechanical Peening Device."
Balan, K. "Process Monitoring and Controls."
Balan, K. "Composites and the Future of Shot Peening."
Breuer, D. and B. Matlock. "Adaptation of Shot Peen Callouts for Gear Geometry."
Cao, Y. and Y.C. Shin. "Predictive Self-Closed Modeling of Laser Shock Peening and Parametric Study."
Cheong, S.K. and D.S. Lee. "Effects of Shot Peening on the Fatigue Life of Welded Aluminum Alloy for Rolling Stock."
Publication of proceedings. Papers presented at ICSP-11 will be published in book format after the conference and distributed to attendees (included in registration fee) and also made available for purchase. Papers will be made available for download at the ISCSP website only after September of 2014.
Copyright. All papers submitted to ICSP-11 become copyright of the International Scientific Committee for Shot Peening (ISCSP).
Sampling of 2008 Papers Presented at ICSP-10, Tokyo, Japan
Champaigne, J. "Aerospace Shot Peening Practices and Nadcap."
Bailey, P., J. Champaigne and C. Long. "Ricochet Peening."
Nitchke-Pagel, T., K. Dilger and H. Eslami-Chalandar. "Residual Stress Determination in Mechanically Treated Weldments with Help of Different Measurement Methods."
Watanabe, Y., K. Hattori, M. Handa, Y. Yoshimi and T. Inaba. "Effect of Ultra Shot Peening on Casting Shape Memory Alloy."
Waltz, L., D. Retraint, A. Roos, P. Elier and J. Lu. "Combination of the Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment (SMAT) and the Co-Rolling Process for the Production of a Nanostruc."
Clitheroe, S., M. Turski, A. Evans, J. Kelleher and D. Hughe. "Comparison of Peening Techniques on 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel."
Schulze, V., M. Klemenz and M. Zimmermann. "State of the Art in Shot Peening Simulation."
Zimmermann, M., V. Schulze, H. U. Baron and D. Lhe. "A Novel 3d Finite Element Simulation Model for the Prediction of the Residual Stress State after Shot Peening."
Sekine, Y., N. Miyamoto and H. Soyama. "Improvement of Fatigue Strength of Light Metallic Materials by Cavitation Shotless Peening."
Fukuda, M., A. Ishigami and A. Takahas. "Improvement of Bending Fatigue Limit by Cavitation Peening for Carbon Steel Specimens Containing an Artificial Surface Defect."
Katsuji, T. "Effect of Shot Peening on Surface Integrity."
Bhuvaraghan, B., O Prakash, M.S. Sivakumar and Y. Potdar. "Overview of the Effects of Surface Enhancement Processes on Plastic Strain, Work Hardening and Residual Stresses."
Liu, J. and H. Yuana. "Computational Prediction of Shot Peening-Induced Residual Stresses Under Cyclic Loading."
Nakonieczny, A., G. Monka and I. Pokorska. "Shot Peening of Nitrided Layer."