White Etching Areas on Case-Hardened Gears
The article "White Etching Areas on Case-Hardened Gears" appeared in the September/October 1989 issue of Gear Technology.
The phenomenon of white layers, which arises from high stress, can be observed under a microscope after the white layers have been treated with a weak nitric acid solution. Their occurrences in zones of high shear stress can provide qualitatively valuable indications of the size and direction of the stress, and they can point out possible starting points for flank damage. An investigation of this phenomenon is described.
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