This paper presents a unique approach and methodology to define the limits of selection for gear parameters. The
area within those limits is called the “area of existence of involute gears” (Ref. 1). This paper presents the definition and construction of areas of existence of both external and internal gears. The isograms of the constant operating pressure
angles, contact ratios and the maximum mesh efficiency (minimum sliding) isograms, as well as the interference
isograms and other parameters are defined. An area of existence allows the location of gear pairs with certain characteristics. Its practical purpose is to define the gear pair parameters that satisfy specific performance requirements before
detailed design and calculations. An area of existence of gears with asymmetric teeth is also considered.