The common calculation methods according to DIN 3990 and
ISO 6336 are based on a comparison of occurring stress and
allowable stress. The influence of gear size on the load-carrying
capacity is considered with the size factors YX (tooth root bending)
and ZX (pitting), but there are further influences, which
should be considered.
In the following, major influences of gear size on the load factors
as well as on the permissible tooth root bending and contact
stress will be discussed.
Measurement institutions of seven different countries — China, Germany, Japan, Thailand, Ukraine, United Kingdom and the U.S. — participated in the implementation of the first international comparison of involute gear measurement standards. The German metrology institute Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) was chosen as the pilot laboratory as well as the organizer. Three typical involute gear measurement standards provided by the PTB were deployed for this comparison: a profile, a helix and a pitch measurement standard. In the final analysis, of the results obtained from all participants, the weighted mean was evaluated as reference value for all 28 measured parameters. However, besides the measurement standards, the measured parameters, and, most importantly, some of the comparison results from all participants are anonymously presented. Furthermore, mishandling of the measurement standards as occurred during the comparison will be illustrated.