To achieve the requested quality, most gears today are ground. The usual grinding process includes treating the gear flank but disengaging before reaching the root rounding area. If the gear is premanufactured with a tool without protuberance, then at the position where the grinding tool retracts from the flank a grinding notch in the tooth root area is produced. Such a notch may increase the bending stresses in the root area, thus reducing the strength rating.
Traditionally, gear rating procedures consider manufacturing accuracy in the application of the dynamic factor, but
only indirectly through the load distribution are such errors in the calculation of stresses used in the durability and gear strength equations. This paper discusses how accuracy affects the calculation of stresses and then uses both statistical
design of experiments and Monte Carlo simulation techniques to quantify the effects of different manufacturing and
assembly errors on root and contact stresses.