This paper presents the geometric design of hypoid gears with involute gear teeth. An
overview of face cutting techniques prevalent in hypoid gear fabrication is presented. Next,
the specification of a planar involute rack is reviewed. This rack is used to define a variable
diameter cutter based upon a system of cylindroidal coordinates; thus, a cursory presentation
of cylindroidal coordinates is included. A mapping transforms the planar involute rack into a variable diameter cutter using the cylindroidal coordinates. Hypoid gears are based on the envelope of this cutter. A hypoid gear set is presented based on an automotive rear axle.
Our question this issue deals with high-ratio hypoid gears, and it should be noted here that this is a tricky area of gearing with a dearth of literature on the topic. That being the case, finding “experts” willing to stick their necks out and take on the subject was not a given.
As is well known in involute gearing, “perfect” involute gears never work perfectly in the real world.
Flank modifications are often made to overcome the influences of errors coming from manufacturing and assembly processes as well as deflections of the system. The same discipline applies to hypoid gears.
Non-uniform gear wear changes gear topology and affects the noise performance of a hypoid gear set. The
aggregate results under certain vehicle driving conditions could potentially result in unacceptable vehicle noise performance in a short period of time. This paper presents the effects of gear surface parameters on gear wear and the measurement/testing methods used to quantify the flank wear in laboratory tests.